Many factors such as genetics, foot type and footwear can lead to bony changes like hammer toes, bunions and heel spurs.


David Allison, The Foot Guy, offers many different treatment options to help accommodate any bony changes you may have such as bunions, hammer toes or heel spurs.


bunions350sqrDefinition: abnormal enlargement of the joint (the first metatarsophalangeal joint, or MTPJ) at the base of the big toe (hallux)

Medical terminology: hallux abducto valgus

Have you noticed a bump growing on the side of your big toe? Do you suffer from pain in your big toe when walking? Are you finding it difficult to fit into your shoes or are your shoes starting to feel too tight? You might be experiencing the common signs and symptoms associated with a bunion.

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Hammer Toe

hammer-toes350sqrDefinition: a claw-like deformity of a toe, usually the second or third, in which there is flexion of the second and third interphalangeal joints

Medical term: deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the toe

Hammertoe is a contracture of the little joints (interphalangeal joints) of the toes and is common in the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes. The claw-like deformity can cause abnormal pressure on the toe when wearing shoes, causing problems to develop.

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Heel Spurs

heelspur350sqrDefinition: a bony spur projecting from the back or underside of the heel that often makes walking painful

A heel spur (calcaneal spur) is a small bony growth located on the heel bone (calcaneus). Repetitive press and excessive pulling of the plantar fascia on the heel bone can lead to calcium deposits on the bottom of the heel (bone spur). This can make it difficult to bear weight on the affected heel making walking or exercise difficult to do.

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Stress Fractures

stressfracture350sqrDefinition: a fracture of a bone caused by repeated mechanical stress

Stress fractures are small, hairline cracks that could occur in any bone of the foot due to repeated stress. X-rays and other studies can be used to diagnose the stress fracture.

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